By H. W. Doelle
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However, a few introductory notes on their biochemistry will help in understanding their role in metabolism. 47 CO ENZYMES Hydro gen-Transferring Coenzymes NUCLEOTiDE COENZYMES. The hydrogen-transferring en zymes of fermentation, respiration, and many other reactions utilize as their coenzymes dinucleotides, one of the bases of which is the pyridine deriva tive nicotinamide (Fig. 3; 14). These dinucleotides are therefore pyridine nucleotides. The nomenclature of the nicotinamide nucleotide coenzyme was, and partly still is, very much disputed.
These negative charges are very close to each other and repel each other very strongly. If the terminal phosphate group is hydrolyzed, this electrostatic stress between the groups is relieved, for the charges are now separated and partly distributed on the A D P 3 - ion and the phosphate 2- ion. Once separated, the ions will have little tendency to approach each other again because of the electrostatic repulsion. 0 between the products of hydrolysis, because one of these normally has no charge at all.
Desulfovibrio). Pathway of electron transport—a,b,c,j (reduction of sulfur ions; step c obscure). Such quinones as menaquinone seem to play an important role in electron transfer in Mycobacterium (1) and Corynebacterium (10). These examples illustrate the general working principle by which ATP is the energy carrier in sequential reactions involving flow of phosphate groups in coupled reactions. References 1. 2. 3. Brodie, A. , and Adelson, J. (1965). Respiratory chains and sites of coupled phosphorylation.
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