Astronomy in India, 1784-1876 by Joydeep Sen

By Joydeep Sen

Protecting the interval from the root of the Asiatick Society in 1784 to the institution of the Indian organization for the Cultivation of technological know-how in 1876, Sen explores the connection among Indian astronomers and the colonial British.

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200). However, the advent of planetary theory has been identified with the period of Greco-Babylonian influence (ad c. 200–c. 400), while the introduction of geometric planetary models has been located in the period of Greek influence (c. 400–c. 15 Yet without the aid of such resources, the Orientalists in the late eighteenth century speculated upon a plethora of philosophical and practical possibilities in relation to knowledge about astronomy. It was possible, they thought, that Europeans still had much to learn about India’s scientific heritage and that Indians still had something exceptional to offer Europeans.

14 It has been suggested that the naksatras, if not the concept of the zodiac itself, had their origins in Vedic India, and were retained 18 Astronomy in India, 1784–1876 through the period of Babylonian influence (c. 400 bc–ad c. 200). However, the advent of planetary theory has been identified with the period of Greco-Babylonian influence (ad c. 200–c. 400), while the introduction of geometric planetary models has been located in the period of Greek influence (c. 400–c. 15 Yet without the aid of such resources, the Orientalists in the late eighteenth century speculated upon a plethora of philosophical and practical possibilities in relation to knowledge about astronomy.

1830, scholars looked to ascertain whether Indian astronomy could continue to inform the knowledge of Europe. Though the search was on the whole less fruitful than in the domain of medicine, there was evidence of some positive reflections. In addition, scholars considered the relationship between astronomy and astrology. Though there was no sense that astrology in India had any relevance to the practice of modern astronomy, there was notable fascination with instruments that were used in the service of astrology.

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