Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, by Wendy Cameron

By Wendy Cameron

Using a wealthy choice of modern resources, this research makes a speciality of one staff of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties because of parishes and landlords. partly One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been bought in every one of those years. partly , Mary McDougall Maude offers an entire checklist of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with information in their history, kin reconstructions, and extra details drawn from Canadian assets. Paternalism robust adequate to gradual the wheels of swap is embodied right here in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his shopper, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in top Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the dating among wealthy and negative highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched by means of the Petworth Emigration Committee may well settle for tips and the govt course that went with it, or they can depend on their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition used to be entire, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own most sensible cut price for his or her labour.

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Disturbances, which in the summer had appeared to be mainly localized in Kent, had suddenly begun to spread westward rapidly and unpredictably. "9 Soldiers, members of Peel's new London police, or the coast guard could bring any one situation under control; the difficult question facing the government was how to deploy limited forces without risking being caught seriously out of position by the next outbreaks. Magistrates carried a heavy responsibility for law and order in rural England in 1830.

48 The continuation of Colborne's five-acre-lot plan under Head probably owed as much to institutional memory and its small scale as to any thought the new lieutenant-governor gave to its merits. Head encouraged the sending of parish emigrants, but under his direction this program and all those for their reception were starved of money. His intention was to force the communities that he believed were benefiting from immigration to look after immigration's casualties. Under Colborne, all agents in the Crown Lands Department (the government department responsible 24 T H E PETWORTH E M I G R A T I O N S , 1 8 3 2 - 1 8 3 7 for lands still in the possession of the crown) had given more or less of their attention to poor immigrants and had helped find jobs or a location for many who were capable of work.

Johnston arrives at a total of 6,700 or more. 39 Parish-aided immigrants to Upper Canada are more difficult to count because they were sent by many different parishes and no single authority was responsible for them. In these years, parish-aided immigrants were by definition English and Welsh. 40 Until 1834, the best totals for parish immigration to the Canadas were kept in the Emigrant Office at Quebec. The figures were compiled and sent to the Colonial Office by Alexander Carlisle Buchanan, who had been appointed as agent in 1828.

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