An Introduction to Zoroastrianism by P. Oktor Skjærvø

By P. Oktor Skjærvø

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Trôshan < *âtrwaxshana > Arm. atrushan]. And we also have the description by Pausanias, a Greek traveler who saw Zoroastrian communities in Lydia. The most interesting of the kings from this period is vassal of the Parthians, Antiochus of Commagene, who called himself theos dikaios epiphanes philoromaios philhellen. His grave, located at a site called Nimrud Daª, is fronted by a row of seated deities, whose names are inscribed in Greek letters. In the inscription accompanying the statues Antiochus says: I chose to consecrate this place as a sacred seat for all the gods to share, so that there may be not only this heroic band of my ancestors which you see established by my care, but also the divine semblance of manifest deities sanctified on a holy summit, and so that this spot may be a witness that shall not fail to tell of my piety.

Druwâspâ “she who keeps the horses healthy”) Mizhdushi, apparently a female deity “the reward-granting one” (Av. mizhda “reward” Bertakâmiya, deity referred to as “he/she through whom one’s wish is obtained”? Huwarîra, deity of sunrise? divinities of rivers, mountains, places, and cities. Elamite gods (Koch, 1977, pp. 101-9): Humban: chief Elamite god Napir irshara “the Great God”; etc. Babylonian gods (Koch, 1977, pp. lan; Koch, 1977, pp. 129-40). This is the only service that seems to have been celebrated on a grand scale, judging from the large quantity of provisions recorded for it.

O. Skjærvø: EIrCiv 102a, Spring 2006 30 February 7, 2006 ZOROASTRIANISM UNDER THE ACHAEMENIDS Darius in fact reunites in one and the same person the functions of supreme king—prototype Yima—and supreme sacrificer—prototype Zarathustra. In the later, Sasanian literature, this constellation, is said to introduce the end of time, when the world will again be made frasha (the Renovation), which, as we have seen, Darius has already done. Thus, Darius fits into a long line of Iranian kings who expect the end of the world and the Renovation to be, as it were, around the corner.

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