A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing facility in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains sector and took be aware of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even if they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. on the grounds that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, courting from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations variety from version spellings to be aware option to contradictory statements on very important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s significance as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and alternate.

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Extra resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer

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Although the relationship of the four texts is exceptionally complex, individually they present few problems. Each manuscript is a clean clerical copy which shows remarkable consistency of punctuation as well as notation of dates, names and compass directions. This scribal neatness permits editorial transcription of each text with very few changes, none of which is an emendation in favour of standardization, clarification or identification. The only changes are a direct consequence of the shift from manuscript to print.

Passed four large falls, the River about 16 poles wide, the banks high, and tall woods. 239/a/40 ye 30 Sunday fine weather wind att No took my Departure from Inclossed fall, and steered NWbWt and NWt 25 miles, this day past four falls, the banks are high & tall woods on both sides the River, which is about 16 poles wide and a strong Current. 2/6 1754 June 30 Sunday fine weather, wind No took my departure from 46 A Year Inland enclosed fall, and paddled NWbNo and NWt 28 miles, the woods and land are much the same as yesterday; this day passed 17 falls, and were obliged to carry our things over 4 of them, passed three brushy Islands.

Given the complex and ambiguous relationship of the four texts (and, for practical purposes, their brevity), the logical and informative editorial choice is to consider all four manuscripts as working texts. In print format, the ideal presentation is parallel columns, so that the integrity of each text is preserved, and comparison of daily entries is easily made. Less-than-ideal print solutions require an awkward choice between successive and simultaneous presentation. The manuscripts can be presented separately, so that the calendar year is repeated four times, or divided and printed as a sequence of texts for each daily entry.

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