A Liberal Theory of International Justice by Andrew Altman

By Andrew Altman

A Liberal conception of overseas Justice advances a singular idea of foreign justice that mixes the orthodox liberal suggestion that the lives of people are what finally topic morally with the putatively antiliberal concept of an irreducibly collective correct of self-governance. the person and her rights are positioned at middle degree insofar as political states are judged valid in the event that they appropriately safeguard the human rights in their components and admire the rights of all others. but, the ebook argues that valid states have an ethical correct to self-determination and that this correct is inherently collective, irreducible to the person rights of the folks who represent them. Exploring the consequences of those rules, A Liberal idea of overseas Justice addresses concerns referring to democracy, secession, overseas legal legislation, armed intervention, political assassination, international distributive justice, and immigration. some of the positions taken within the e-book run opposed to the grain of present educational opinion: there isn't any human correct to democracy; separatist teams should be morally entitled to secede from valid states; the truth that it's a topic of brute success no matter if one is born in a filthy rich country or a poorer one doesn't suggest that fiscal inequalities throughout states needs to be minimized or maybe stored inside definite limits; such a lot current states don't have any correct opposed to armed intervention; and it truly is morally permissible for a sound country to exclude all would-be immigrants.

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Extra resources for A Liberal Theory of International Justice

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No one is surprised that human rights activists work so hard to ensure that as many societies as possible are democratic. But because living in a democratic society is indirectly related to being protected against the standard threats, we should not say that there is a human right to democratic governance. 51 DEMO CRACY AND RECO GNITIONAL LEGITIMACY If our arguments have been sound, then individuals have no human right to democracy. A defender of democracy might at this point counter, though, that even if we are correct, international society should proceed as if there is one.

In such a case, nondemocratic arrangements could be justified to each individual simply on the basis of his or her own interests. If justifiability to each individual is sufficient to deliver legitimacy, then those nondemocratic arrangements would have legitimacy. Second, under certain social conditions it might be true that (a) some nondemocratic regime would more reliably arrive at substantively just political outcomes than any democratic one and (b) the injustices that would be avoided by rejecting democracy are much more serious than any injustice under the nondemocratic arrangements.

This understanding in turn requires us to show how an individual can be wrongfully disrespected when her rights as an individual are not violated. It is true that violations of individual rights, such as the right against torture, are central forms of moral disrespect, but there are other forms, because not all respect is due to people in virtue of their standing as individuals. In many cases, people are owed various types and levels of respect because of their special roles, standing, or abilities.

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Categories: Political Ideologies