A History of Intelligence and "Intellectual Disability" by C.F. Goodey

By C.F. Goodey

Beginning with the arguable speculation that not just human intelligence but in addition its antithesis 'intellectual incapacity' are not anything greater than historic contingencies, C.F. Goodey's paradigm-shifting examine lines the wealthy interaction among human forms and the notably altering features attributed to them. From the twelfth-century beginnings of eu social management to the onset of formal human technological know-how disciplines within the sleek period, "A background of Intelligence and 'Intellectual Disability'" reconstructs the sociopolitical and non secular contexts of highbrow skill and incapacity and demonstrates how those innovations grew to become a part of psychology, drugs and biology. Goodey examines a big selection of classical, overdue medieval and Renaissance texts, from well known courses on behavior and behaviour to scientific treatises and from spiritual and philosophical works to poetry and drama. Focusing specially at the interval among the Protestant Reformation and 1700, Goodey demanding situations the authorized knowledge that may have us think that 'intelligence' and 'disability' describe common, trans-historical realities. in its place, Goodey argues for a version that perspectives highbrow incapacity and certainly the intellectually disabled individual as transitority cultural creations. His e-book is destined to turn into a regular source for students drawn to the background of psychology and drugs, the social origins of human self-representation, and present moral debates in regards to the genetics of intelligence.

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Politics, 1254a. 17 Politics, 1253b. 18 Dio Chrysostom, Discourses, 15. 19 The Republic, 470c. 15 16 Aristotle and the Slave’s Intellect 29 the Spartans had sent their Athenian captives, fellow-Greeks, into slavery. The folk memory of this was still raw in Aristotle’s time. Thucydides, to whom we owe the story, went out of his way to say how unnatural the humiliation was. A core Athenian narrative, it may explain why Aristotle was so keen to find “natural” characteristics in some slaves. While slavery in general was determined by the necessities of the household economy, what made you this or that kind of slave was the concrete circumstances of your enslavement.

These commentators’ transhistorical view of disability is a necessary antidote to the idea that he thought some racial groups to be of naturally inferior intelligence.  We may note here that rather than eradicating the racist interpretation, such comments merely displace it. In implying that one is entitled in these exceptional cases to order people about for their own benefit, intellectual disability remains intact as a positive principle, lurking there to be applied once again to other groups (such as ethnic ones) when the political wind changes.

La ‘Politique’ d’Aristote; A. Baruzzi, “Der Freie und der Sklave,” Philosophisches Jahrbuch, 77 (1970); W. Fortenbaugh, “Aristotle on slaves and women,” in Jonathan Barnes et al (eds), Articles on Aristotle, 2.  Malcolm Schofield, “Ideology and philosophy in Aristotle’s theory of slavery,” in G. ’  Abraham Shulsky, “The ‘infrastructure’ of Aristotle’s Politics,” in C. K. O’Connor (eds), Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science. 10 Aristotle, Politics, 1259b. 11 Albertus Magnus, Commentari in Octo Libros Politicorum Aristotelis, in A.

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